Journal Press India®

The Effects of Diatomite on Cement Mortar and Concrete: A Review

Vol 6 , Issue 1 , January - June 2023 | Pages: 20-26 | Research Paper  

https://doi.org/10.51976/jfsa.612303


Author Details ( * ) denotes Corresponding author

1. * Mohan Gupta, Assistant Professor, EC, Department of Mechanical Engineering, United college of engineering and research, Naini, Prayagraj, Delhi, Delhi, India (researchworkhub@gmail.com)

Pozzolanic additions form the cornerstone of the strongest and longest-lasting concrete mix designs. By-products including metakaolin, fly ash, silica fume, rice husk ash, and other naturally occurring materials like volcanic ash and pumice are examples of pozzolanic materials. One pozzolanic addition that has been used in the building and industrial sectors to enhance the rheological and mechanical qualities of cement is diatoms. As a sedimentary rock, diatomite is mostly composed of amorphous or active silica. It is widely used in concrete and cement mortar as a pozzolanic addition. It has clearly changed the cement's mechanical and chemical characteristics. The work that has been done to partially replace Portland cement in mortar and concrete with diatomite is discussed in this study. The paper goes into great detail into the various mechanical and rheological properties of cement and concrete, including raw diatomite.

Keywords

Cement mortar, Cement concrete, Diatomite

  1. Jensen, O. M. & Hansen, P. F. (2001). Water Entrainment in Concrete: Techniques and Optimum Size of Inclusions. Aalborg Dep. Mech. Eng., Aalborg Univ.
  2. Sharma, P., Sharma, N., Singh, P., Verma, M. & Parihar, H. S. (2020). Examine the effect of setting time and compressive strength of cement mortar paste using iminodiacetic acid. Mater. Today Proc. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.04.336.
  3. Tiwari, P. K., Sharma, P., Sharma, N., Verma, M. & Rohitash, (2020). An experimental investigation on metakaoline GGBS based concrete with recycled coarse aggregate. Mater. Today Proc., xxxx. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.07.691.
  4. Anthony, S. (2019). Use of diatomaceous earth as a siliceous material in the formation of alkali activated fine-aggregate limestone concrete. Diatoms: Fundamentals and Applications.
  5. Degirmenci, N. & Yilmaz, A. (2009). Use of diatomite as partial replacement for Portland cement in cement mortars. Constr. Build. Mater., 23(1), 284–288. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2007.12.008.
  6. Mielenz, R. C., Greene, K. T. & Schieltz, N. C. (1951). Natural pozzolans for concrete. Econ. Geol., 46(3), 311–328. doi: 10.2113/gsecongeo.46.3.311.
  7. Ahmadi, Z., Esmaeili, J., Kasaei, J. & Hajialioghli, R. (2017). Properties of sustainable cement mortars containing high volume of raw diatomite. Sustain. Mater. Technol., 16, 47–53. doi: 10.1016/j.susmat.2018.05.001.
  8. Zahalkova, J. & Rovnanikova, P. (2016). Study of the effect of diatomite as a partial replacement of cement in cement pastes. Mater. Sci. Forum, 865, 22–26. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.865.22.
  9. Gerengi, H., Kocak, Y., Jazdzewska, A., Kurtay, M. & Durgun, H. (2013). Electrochemical investigations on the corrosion behaviour of reinforcing steel in diatomite- and zeolite-containing concrete exposed to sulphuric acid. Constr. Build. Mater., 49, 471–477. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.08.033.
  10. GÖKÇE, M. V. (2012). Use of diatomite in the production of lightweight building elements with cement as binder. Sci. Res. Essays, 7(7), 774–781. doi: 10.5897/sre11.236.
  11. Posi, P., Lertnimoolchai, S., Sata, V. & Chindaprasirt, P. (2013). Pressed lightweight concrete containing calcined diatomite aggregate. Constr. Build. Mater., 47, 896–901. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.05.094.
  12. Topçu, I. B. & Uygunoǧlu, T. (2007). Properties of autoclaved lightweight aggregate concrete. Build. Environ., 42(12), 4108–4116. doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.11.024.
  13. Kastis, D., Kakali, G., Tsivilis, S. & Stamatakis, M. G. (2006). Properties and hydration of blended cements with calcareous diatomite. Cem. Concr. Res., 36(10), 1821–1826. doi: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2006.05.005.
  14. Xiao, L., Zhao, Z., Li, R. & Hu, J. (2012). Research on diatomite high-performance concrete admixtures. Key Eng. Mater., 517, 371–375. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.517.371.
  15. Liu, R., Yang, Y., Zhao, X., & Pang, B. (2021). Quantitative phase analysis and microstructural characterization of Portland cement blends with diatomite waste using the Rietveld method. J. Mater. Sci., 56(2), 1242–1254. doi: 10.1007/s10853-020-05429-1.
Abstract Views: 1
PDF Views: 98

Related Articles
Experimental Analysis of Autogenous Healing in Early Stage of Concrete
Mr. Chandra Shekher Giri, Mr. Pankaj Kumar Singh

By continuing to use this website, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy.