Journal Press India®

Routing Protocols in MANET: Comparative Analysis and Performance Evaluation

Vol 6 , Issue 1 , January - June 2023 | Pages: 50-59 | Research Paper  

https://doi.org/10.51976/jfsa.612307


Author Details ( * ) denotes Corresponding author

1. * Saloni Bansal, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, ECE, GLA University, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India (saloni.bansal@gla.ac.in)

Mobile Ad-hoc networks, also known as MANETs, are a type of network that can self-assemble wirelessly and dynamically. Each mobile node in a MANET also functions as a network router. These clusters have their own conscious selves, allowing them to traverse space in multiple dimensions; they are able to do so because they can traverse space. MANETs lack a fixed data topology because they establish networks only when mobile nodes require data exchange. Consequently, it is plausible to claim that MANETs lack a fixed data topology. Consequently, it is reasonable to assert that MANETs lack a predetermined data topology. Routing in MANETs is more difficult due to their inherent dynamic nature; however, routing protocols are designed to address all of these issues. Consequently, the routing process in MANETs can become less complicated. Routing protocols are commonly regarded as one of the most crucial components in establishing communication between mobile nodes. It is possible to evaluate the performance of a routing protocol using qualitative or quantitative metrics, so long as the performance of the routing protocol is directly related to the evaluated network quality. This article will discuss proactive routing protocols, reactive routing protocols, and geographical routing protocols. Using a variety of criteria, a comparison of these three distinct types of routing protocols will also be conducted. Each of these routing protocols has been further subdivided into additional categories to facilitate comprehension of the underlying concepts.

Keywords

Proactive routing protocol, Reactive routing protocol, Routing protocols, Mobile Ad-hoc network (MANET), Dynamic network

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