Journal Press India®

Ownership of Enterprises by Caste: An Analysis of Fifth and Sixth Economic Census

Vol 7 , Issue 2 , July - December 2020 | Pages: 83-93 | Research Paper  

Article has been added to the cart.View Cart (0)

Author Details ( * ) denotes Corresponding author

1. * Vandana Kapoor, ICSSR Doctoral Fellow, Centre for studies in Economics and Planning , Central University of Gujarat, Ahemdabad, Gujarat, India (VK.179V@GMAIL.COM)

Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe have low share in enterprises as compared to their working age population. The data of Fifth and Sixth Economic Census shows that disadvantaged caste are still under-represented in private enterprises in India. Further, the disadvantaged caste owns a large share of enterprises functioning without hiring labour. There has been a decline in employment provided by proprietary enterprises from 2005 to 2013. The decline has been due to decrease in employment provided by Other Backward Class and others. The disparity still exists in ownership of enterprises by caste, both in rural and urban sector.


Caste; Ownership; Own account establishment; Rural sector; Urban sector.

  1. Akerlof, G. (1976). The economics of caste and of the rat race and other woeful tales. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 90(4), 599-617.
  2. Deshpande, A.  & Sharma, S. (2013). Entrepreneurship or survival? Caste and gender of small business in India. Centre for Development Economics Working Paper No. 228, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi.
  3. Deshpande, A., & Sharma, S (2015). Disadvantage and discrimination in self-employment - Caste gaps in earnings in Indian small businesses. Centre for Development Economics Working Paper No. 236, Department of Economics, Delhi School Of Economics.
  4. Ejaz Ghani, Kerr W. O'Connell  S. (2011). Spatial determinants of entrepreneurship in India. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper no. No 17514.
  5. Iyer, L.,  Khanna, T., & Varshney, A. (2013). Caste and entrepreneurship in India. Economic and Political Weekly,  48(6),  52-60.
  6. Iyer, R.  & Schoar, A. (2010). Are there cultural differences in entrepreneurship. In J. Lerner, & A. Schoar (Eds.), International Differences in Entrepreneurship (pp. 209-240). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  7. Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (2015). National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. New Delhi: Government of India.
  8. Mosse, D.  (2018). Caste and development perspectives on a structure of discrimination and advantage.  World Development, 110, 422-436.
  9. Nafziger, E. W. (1978). Class, Caste and Entrepreneurship: A study of Indian industrialists. Honolulu: East-West Center.
  10. Thorat, S., & Sadana, N. (2009). Caste and ownership of private enterprises. Economic and Political Weekly  44(23), 13-16.
Abstract Views: 25
PDF Views: 14

Advanced Search


3rd International Co...

About the Conference At the outset, the multifarious Covid-19 pande...

International Confer...

ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE Today, the world of business is ...

Call for Reviewers

In keeping with JPI’s policy of commitment to high standards of ...

Call for papers

JPI invites original and unpublished manuscripts in the areas of comme...

By continuing to use this website, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy.